Prime factorization

The prime factors of 360 are

\[360 = 2 \cdot 2 \cdot 2 \cdot 3 \cdot 3 \cdot 5 = 2^3 \cdot 3^2 \cdot 5.\]

Write a function that returns a dictionary whose first keys correspond to the prime factor and the value to the multiplicity of this prime factor. For example, given 360 the function should return:

    2: 3,
    3: 2,
    5: 1

Return the prime factorization of n.

Parameters:n (int) – The number for which the prime factorization should be computed.
Returns:List of tuples containing the prime factors and multiplicities of n.
Return type:dict[int, int]

Start by downloading the exercise template and editing this file. You can run tests via

$ python test

to check whether you got a correct solution. You can also take a look at one possible solution.